Here komer articles on research and facts about the Wolf – Wolfdog – dog
Article written by Runar Naess 19 februari 2012
> What happened at Kolmarden zoo – 2012
Captive wolves killed a 30-year-old zookeeper at Kolmarden Zoo, Sweden on June 17, 2012. There were eight 3-year-old male wolves in the enclosure and the female zookeeper knew them well. She bottle-fed them as pups and the wolves are well-socialized to humans.
The 30-year-old zookeeper entered the enclosure alone to spend time with the wolves, after a time of “difficult relations with the wolves”. Police investigation shows that she was killed immediately once inside the enclosure and dragged to where she was found later in the day. She carried a private phone in her pocket, but it was not used during the accident.
Autopsy showed no sign of health problems, but she had complained about headaches on several occasions prior to the accident. There is no question about the facts in this matter. None of the wolves were killed after the accident, but all human contact was stopped.
Why did it happen?
The answer to “why” is slightly complex, but not complicated. I will attempt to explain the larger pieces of the puzzle in this article. I base my answer on a 3-year-long investigation by the Swedish Police (1400 documents), my 20-year experience of working with and learning about human-socialized captive wolves and my 15 years of visiting with the wolves and staff at Kolmården zoo.
Kolmarden zoo had socialized wolves for many years with relatively few problems. Traditionally the zookeepers working with the wolves were only a few, they were all male and had “old school” dog training as a reference for handling the wolves. That may work fine if you are self-confident and large enough to intimidate the wolves with your size and aggression. The bigger the person the less likely it is that a wolf will do an all-out attack.
Since 2007 however, zookeepers working with the wolves where all females (i.e.. smaller), with only one (male) exception. The accident has nothing to do with gender, mind you – only the fact that women on average are smaller than men.
More importantly: they got little to no training in wolf management & handling, except that they were told they where the “Alpha” of the wolf pack and where to “dominate the wolves mentally & physically at any cost”. So they did – at great cost!
From the 21 zookeepers that started working with the wolves during 2007-2009, 17 of them quit within the first year or so. Some were driven out by the wolves, some quit from fear or frustration. All describe the work as “chaotic” and that “they got no instructions or support from the management”. Physical conflicts with the wolves were common-place and the wolves grew increasingly “tired” of the zookeepers. Some clear signs of this were:
• The wolves’ greeting of the keepers as they came in became less frequent, to the point where some days no wolves would come to greet the zookeepers.
• Zoo uniform took on a role as something for the wolves to avoid. Vulnerable visitors were dressed in zoo-uniform to keep the wolves away from them, not for the wolves to be less scared of the stranger, as with many other socialized wolves.
• The wolves got increasingly “hand-shy” (scared of hands), resulting in numerous biting of hands. The zoo’s veterinarian would stitch up & bandage the injured zookeepers.
Read the whole Articl at the link on the top.
[2016-12-21] Norrköping District Court
Kolmarden Zoo and Zoologiske manager Mats Höggren sentenced to responsibility for the fatal accident with Wolves 2012.
> Wolf species have ‘howling dialects’